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8 Steps To Start Up Rabbit Farming In Nigeria



8 Steps To Start Up Rabbit Farming In Nigeria

Are you thinking of a profitable agricultural farming business you can start-up in Nigeria? Well, I suggest rabbit farming should be the best option for now, and here’s why?

Rabbit farming is easy and convenient to start up, All you need is a small piece of land and few cages and viola, you start making cool money.

Rabbit Farming requires.

  • Small space
  • Clean Environment
  • Fodder crops ( Green rich and fresh grasses)
  • Fruits and Vegetables like ( Carrots, cabbage, banana, lettuce etc) they eat it all.
  • Less capital is needed to start up
  • With about 200 thousand naira, you can start your rabbit farming and make lots of returns from it, due it’s prolific nature

What does Prolific mean in Rabbit farming?

While starting your rabbit farming, i recommend you buy 2 does( female rabbits) and 1 buck( male rabbit). Within a period of one year, the buck would have mated with the 2 does and that could give you about 50 rabbits or more. Interesting right?

Now Imagine you start with 10 female rabbit (Does) and 5 male rabbits ( Buck), you’ll be expecting 250 rabbits or more just within a year.

Rabbit produce a lot of offspring(babies), they reproduce rapidly, hence the meaning of prolific nature.

Furthermore, the different parts of a rabbit can generate income for you. 8 Steps To Start Up Rabbit Farming In Nigeria

what parts of rabbits is sold to make money

  • The hairs on a rabbit body can be sold and used in making fur, coats and hats.
  • Rabbit meat can be sold, and barbecued, even sold as Suya
  • Rabbit faces is a rich source of nutrient and can be sold to farmers as fertilizers for used on their farms…A rich source of manure

Rabbit farming in Nigeria has high profits all because of its high reproduction rate (prolific). You can easily invest in Rabbit farming, start small, and within three months yield high profit. Now, the question is how do you start a rabbit farming business?

this post will not only tell you about rabbit nature but will also tell you how you can start up a successful rabbit business in Nigeria.

let’s get to it.

Rabbit Nature

Rabbits are small mammalian animal, in the order of lagomorphs, Leporidae family, 11 Genera and more than 50 species. It can be identified with its fluffy short tails, whiskers, long ears, and long legs.

As rabbit have different species, so does it range from different sizes. The smallest size of its breeds is 8 inch and weighs less than a pound, while the biggest size can grow as large as a small baby with 20 inches and weighs about 4.5 kg.

It is a mammal that breeds up to 3 to 4 times annually with approximately 8 babies on each breed. Its babies are called kittens or kits. For a kid to grow and take care of itself, it will stay up to 5 months of which starts breeding after 2 months.

Note that rabbit doesn’t adapt to heat period, to maintain its population they breed much, also rabbit mothers are absentee parents (which implies that it take care of its kits just once in a day). 8 Steps To Start Up Rabbit Farming In Nigeria

More About Rabbit

Rabbit is a herbivorous animal that is, it feeds on plants, vegetables, fruits, clovers, grasses, seeds, roots, buds, trees bark, as well as some cruciferous plants. Most times rabbits can also feed on its drops. They often referred to as opportunistic feeders.

8 Steps To Start Up Rabbit Farming In Nigeria

Rabbit can be reared at home, as well as wild rabbits. The Wild rabbit burrows into the ground called warrens with a different opening for an easy escape from predators. For a domestic rabbit, it needs a regulated environment to protect the rabbit from hypothermia (heat exhaustion).

Rabbits are generally social animals, which are commonly used as pets in different countries.  Also, Rabbit loves to live in colonies, that is in large groups.

The presence of long ears in rabbit makes it able to hear it’s predators even when far away, and its long legs serves a great purpose to escape very fast from predators, and most times run in a zigzag pattern.

Its eyes can rotate to 360 degrees, this enables them for a clearer view of their environment and also see things coming from behind.

Rabbits predators include eagle, Hawks, owls, falcons, ground squirrels, feral cats and wild dogs.

How to start Rabbit farming in Nigeria

For a good start up of rabbit farming in Nigeria, you need to take this following steps:

  • Get vast education on rabbit farming.
  • Start with a better rabbit species.
  • Register with a good veterinary doctor.
  • Purchase or construct rabbit hutches/cages.
  • Make available rabbit feeders and drinkers.
  • Make a good plan on rabbit feeds.
  • Start small.
  • Provide enough capital.

Get vast education on rabbit farming

Starting up rabbit farming in Nigeria can be quite lucrative and such one needs to gather enough knowledge for a start. This is a wonderful step to take to make a great rabbit Farm.

As above one needs to learn all about rabbits breeding, these can be gotten through the reading of books (such as animal husbandry books), watching YouTube videos, visiting people who are already involved in rabbit farming, or other good methods to take. 8 Steps To Start Up Rabbit Farming In Nigeria

It is very advisable to go through this first step, to know the necessary challenge to meet on the process of farming and get prepared on time.

Start with a better rabbit specie

For a commercial start-up, considering the better specie or breed of rabbit to start with is another step to take. Some rabbits grow smaller than others before their different breeds.

This is another great step in achieving successful rabbit Farm. Different species of rabbits adapt to different countries climates and it will be of great value to choose the best for Nigeria. Some of these breeds include:

  • White New Zealand – Adults weighs 10 to 11 pounds
  • California – Adults weighs 9 to 9.5 pounds
  • Champagne d’argent -adult weighs 10 to 10.5 pounds
  • Satin- adult weighs 9 to 9.5 pounds
  • Flemish giant- weighs 21.5 to 22 pounds

These above-listed breeds are best for commercial purpose in Nigeria, with high production rates.

Register with a good veterinary doctor

This is another great step to achieve before starting a rabbit farm in Nigeria. Just as poultries, other animals, and even human beings get sick and disease, so do rabbit has theirs.

Registering with a good veterinary doctor will make it easier for your rabbit to undergo constant checkup and vaccination to keep your rabbit healthy and disease-free.

Purchase or construct rabbit hutches/cages

Cages or hutches are best made to breed rabbits and note that it needs to be conducive and heat regulated. This is another amazing step to achieving a great rabbit farm in Nigeria. It can be constructed or purchased from the market.

Note while constructing a rabbit cage, to avoid too open poultry wire to prevent penetration of soldier ants, snakes and other ants as it posses a great threat to rabbit Farm.

Make available rabbit feeders and drinkers

For a good and clean rabbit hutch, you need to make available rabbit feeders and drinkers. As plates serve for eating and cup for drinking for humans, feeders and drinkers serve alike for rabbit farming.

As used in poultry farm, you need a great feeder and drinker which can be constructed or purchase from the market, for a good start of rabbit farming in Nigeria.

Make a good plan on rabbit feeds

Making a good plan ahead for rabbit feeds is very necessary so as not to run short of feeds. Remember that rabbit feeds are very nutritious as such requires proper attention to attain its nutritional value.

Making ahead plan includes getting a clear source for the distribution of feeds, searching for the best forest to get vegetables, starting up a good garden to produce rabbit feeds and also many other ways it can be reached out.

Start small

Rabbit grow rapidly with more than 40 breeds from a female breed annually. Before these, starting with just a male and a female rabbit will make a good start. Starting with just this will make it easier for you to take adequate care of them and learn more about its adaptation.

Starting with multiple numbers of Rabbits is not really advisable for first-timers as it seems difficult for you to control.

Provide enough capital

This is the most ultimate of all for starting up a rabbit farm in Nigeria. Enough capital is needed to achieve all the above-listed steps especially its feeds.

It doesn’t require huge capital but enough amount is needed for the smooth running of rabbit farm, so as not to run out of capital.

Disadvantages/risk of rabbit farming in Nigeria

  1. Rabbit farming costs a lot of money for its maintenance.
  2. Rabbit farm can easily be penetrated by disease and infection.
  3. It is easily penetrated by snakes, soldier ants and other insects that posses a threat to the rabbit, dogs or cats should not be taken close to its cage.
  4. Rabbits can be destructive mammals if not train well.
  5. Rabbit can be very messy and therefore requires constant cleaning.

Advantages of rabbit farming in Nigeria

  1. Rabbits reproduce vast and grow fast.
  2. They serve as great pets to own due to their docile nature.
  3. It is a great source of income.
  4. It requires cheap labour.
  5. Rabbit also substitute for poultry products.
  6. Rabbit farming can be taken as a part-time business.
  7. It’s of great demand in Nigeria.
  8. Its meat serves a great source of protein.

In conclusion

Rabbit farming in Nigeria serves good for commercial purpose ranging from its meat, laboratory experiments, fur etc. Its poo drops also serves the best compost for your garden and farm. Rabbits are very sensitive animals. Having rabbits in your household or farming of rabbit is of great importance.


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