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American Lion



The American Lion (Panthera Atrox) has a Pleistocene epoch temporal range (340,000-11,000years ago).

The American lion (Panthera atrox) is an extinct pantherine cat that previously roamed North America. It is also known as the “North American lion” or “American cave lion.”

American Lion
American Lion

It existed for around 0.33 million years during the Pleistocene epoch (340,000 to 11,000 years ago).

American Lion

They were officially classified as a separate species of Pantherinae, Panthera atrox, which means “cruel” or “fearsome panther” in Latin. Tiger Trout

American Lion

The American Lion (Panthera spelaea) and the late Pleistocene Eurasian cave Lion (Panthera spelaea) are sister lineages, according to genetic study. Caspian Tiger


American Lion

It was around 25% larger than a modern lion, making it one of the largest felids ever discovered.

American Lion
American Lion

It was part of the abundant Pleistocene megafauna, which included a diverse range of very huge mammals. The La Brea Tar Pits have produced the most plentiful remnants.

American Lion

They were one of the largest cats ever known, even slightly larger than the primitive cave lion P. Leo fossilis from the early Middle Pleistocene.

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American Lion

The American Lion were a sister lineage to the cave lion, according to mitochondrial DNA sequence data from its remains.

The two populations’ most recent common ancestor lived around 340,000 (194,000-489,000) years ago.

American Lion

Recent research comparing the American Lion’s jaw and skull to those of other Pantherines concluded that it was not a lion, but rather a separate species.

American Lion

Another study classified them with the P. leo and P. tiger, and attributed P.onca’s physical similarities to convergent evolution rather than phylogenetic affinity.

American Lion

The American lion is officially classified as a separate species of Pantherinae, Panthera atrox, which means “cruel” or “fearsome panther” in Latin.

The American lion’s head-to-body length was estimated to be 1.6–2.5 m (5 ft 3 in–8 ft 2 in), and it stood 1.2 m (3.9 ft) at the shoulder.

American Lion

According to a 2012 study, males weighed 235–523 kg (518–1,153 pounds) and females weighed 175–365 kg (386–805 pounds), implying that the lion was considerably larger than Smilodon populator.

American Lion
American Lion

However, it was smaller than its contemporary prey, the enormous short-faced bears, which were North America’s largest carnivorans at the era.

American Lion

The physical anatomy of the American lion has been determined from around 80-100 individuals discovered from the La Brea Tar Pits near Los Angeles.

American Lion
American Lion

They had features that were strikingly similar to present lions, although they were much larger, similar to P. spelaea and the Pleistocene Natodomeri lion of eastern Africa.

American Lion

The animal was reddish in hue, according to preserved skin remains discovered in caves in Argentine Patagonia alongside bone components assumed to be from an American lion.

Similar cave paintings accurately represent the jaguars as yellow in hue, which seems to validate this and decrease the likelihood of mistakes with fossil jaguars from El Ceibo in Argentina’s Santa Cruz province.

The American lion was found in frigid climates in various parts of its range. They most likely sought shelter from the elements in caves or cracks.

Like the Siberian tiger, another huge cat that lives in the north, they may have lined their dens with grass or leaves.

There are fewer American lions in the La brea tar pits than other predators like sabor-toothed cats (smilodon Fatalis) and dire wolves (Aenocyon dirus), implying that they were smart enough to escape the danger.

North American deer, horses (now extinct), Camels, and tapirs, as well as American bison, mammoths, and other huge herbivorous mammals, were likely food for American Lions.

Evidence of American Lions predating on bison is fully adequate, as a mummified cadaver called “Blue baby” was unearthed in Alaska with lion bite and claw marks.

Human predation may have contributed to the extinction of the lion, according to bones discovered in the rubbish piles of paleolithic American Indians.

During the Quaternary extinction event, the American lion, along with the majority of Pleistocene megafauna, became extinct.

Illustration of an American Lions attacking a Bison. The presence of mane in male American lions is still not verified.

The most recent fossil, discovered in Edmonton, dates from 11,355 years ago, or 55 years ago.

Lion Facts

  1. The kings of the jungle are not lions. They are the kings of the savannah’s 
  2. The remaining Asiatic lions, a subspecies of the African lion, that reside in Gujarat’s Gir Forest are the only lions left in the wild.
  3. Lionesses prefer Males with darker manes.
  4. Young guys who have lately been expelled from their pride may form a cohort. Cohorts are usually made up of brothers or cousins, and the relationships between them are strong.
  5. Specific pride specialize in a single kind of animal, such as elephants and giraffes.
  6. Males may belong to multiple prides and move between them.
  7. Lions used to live in considerably more of the world, including Australia and Canada, and in various environments.
  8. Barbary and Cape lions are two extinct subspecies of the lion.
  9. Mountain lions have a closer relationship with domestic cats than African lions.
  10. It was predicted in 2014 that wild African lions would become extinct by 2050. In 26 African countries, lions are extinct. Populations originally topped 200,000, but today only number around 20,000.


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