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Caspian Tiger – Everything you need to know



The last Caspian tiger was spotted in the Tigrovaya Balka National Park in Tajikistan in 1958. The cat was rumored to have existed in the 1970s, but this has yet to be proved.

The extinction of the great cat was caused by a variety of circumstances, which will be discussed:

Human Hunting Caspian tiger

Caspian Tiger

Russia began colonizing Turkestan in the late 1800s. They brought guns with them, as well as men who hunted non-native species violently.

Thousands of Caspian tigers were exterminated in just a few decades.

caspian tiger habitat Destruction

Caspian Tiger

The catastrophic humans also concentrated their efforts on removing the woodland habitat that the Caspian tiger had previously inhabited.

The tiger’s existence was further endangered because its habitat was destroyed to make space for housing, gathering wood, and agricultural purposes.

Human Hunting of Large Prey

Caspian Tiger

The wild people didn’t just go after tigers; they also went for other large animals that might offer them meat, clothing, and entertainment.

The Russians hunted wild boar, deer, and other large species, which the tigers relied on to meet their nutritional requirements. What led to the extinction of the Caspian tiger?

caspian tiger sightings

Many Caspian Tigers were infected with Contagious Foot and Mouth Disease

Caspian Tiger

During their invasion of Turkestan, pathogenic individuals from Russia even managed to bring dangerous infections with them.

Contagions including foot and mouth disease and swine fever decimated several tiger populations.

Caspian Tiger

For over a thousand years, humans and Caspian tigers coexisted.

When hungry humans from Russia were introduced into the mix, the tiger population was reduced to extinction in less than thirty years.

The Russian government forbade tiger hunting in 1947, and while this may have rescued the current Amur tiger, the Caspian tiger was already extinct.

These tigers were few by the mid-twentieth century, with small, isolated groups in Tajikistan and Turkey sustaining their existence.

The Caspian tiger, an extinct subspecies, was declared extinct by the IUCN Red List in 2003.

Caspian Tiger – Panthera Tigris Virgata

Caspian Tiger

caspian tiger extinct

Could the Caspian tiger be reintroduced to its former territory?

Yes, but there is one huge issue: Caspian tigers are extinct, and there are none left.

These tigers inhabited Eastern Anatolia (Turkey), the Southeast Caucasus, Central Asia, and Iran all include marshes and sparse woodlands where 

However, the last time it was seen was nearly a century ago, when it was believed to have attacked two Russian army commanders on horseback in Central Asia.

There were significant searches in Iran for the Caspian Tiger, but none were discovered. Turkey and other communist regimes are in the same dilemma. It was the 1970s at the time.

A Tiger was reportedly spotted on the Afghan-Tajik border, according to reports. The source, on the other hand, remains questionable.

As a result, reintroducing anything that has been wiped off the face of the earth is nearly impossible.

However, new genetic advances have established a relationship between the Caspian and Siberian Amur Tigers.

Siberian / Amur Tiger - Zambar, Blackpool Zoo | The Siberian… | Flickr

As a result, efforts have been made to transfer Siberian Tigers into the traditional Caspian areas. The reintroductions were to take place in Central Asia’s Amu Darya delta.

Iran has also apparently obtained a pair of Siberian tigers, which will be reintroduced in Northern Iran. One of them, however, died of FIV (Feline immunodeficiency virus).

Caspian tiger reanimated | Bridget McKenzie | Flickr
Caspian tiger reanimated

Kazakhs are said to have attempted to engage local populations in the fight against poaching, but the results have been disappointing.

Iran has the potential to be a leader in conservation, but despite its close ties to the Caspians, I’m not convinced the Siberian Tiger would be able to thrive so far outside of its traditional area.

It remains to be seen whether Iran is willing to provide them with adequate protection.

caspian tiger size

Bengal Tiger

According to the English Wikipedia page on the Caspian tiger, these were the average Caspian tiger measurements:

  • Males are 270–295 cm tall, while females are 240–260 cm tall.
  • Males weigh 170–240 kg, while females weigh 85–135 kg.
  • Males have a skull length of 297–365.8 mm, while females have a skull length of 195.7–255.5 mm.

The largest Caspian tiger that was measured and registered in history weighted 240 kg

Who were the natural enemies and competitors of the Caspian Tigers?

Other than humans, they had no natural enemies. They were the second-largest tigers behind the Siberian tiger.
Habitat loss was the cause of extinction since the forests were removed as part of a land reclamation scheme.

Wild boar, the tiger’s natural prey, became infected with swine flu and foot and mouth disease as a result of man’s meddling.

The Tigers were given a bounty, and the Russian army was tasked with eliminating all of the predator’s habitats.

Caspian Tiger Habitat

Sleeping Tiger

They had a broad range and had been hunting for a long time, dating back to Roman times. Because the Caspian tiger’s range fell within the Roman Empire, it was Caspian tigers who appeared in the ring with gladiators. At the time, a considerable portion of the population was still large

The land reclamation program near the Caspian Sea was the source of the troubles. The tiger had nowhere to go once the forests were cleared. The Russian Army, which had gone ahead of the loggers and done an excellent job, had already slain the majority of them.

Not only were the tigers extinct, but so were the teak and mahogany forests, which were all converted to agriculture. It was occasionally seen in Afghanistan or East Turkey until the 1990s, but it is now considered extinct.

Brown and Black Tiger

There is a plan in Kazakhstan to restore Siberian tigers, who are genetically related to Caspian tigers, to see if they can survive.

We don’t know how large their population was at the time, but up until World War I, roughly 100 tigers were slaughtered each year in the jungles of the Amu-Darya and Piandj Rivers. As a result, they must have been plentiful before the extinction.

Although the exact number of people before the Russian army arrived is uncertain, a realistic estimate would be 2000–3000.

Was the tiger known in ancient Europe or just the lion?

There were probably Europeans who knew about tigers in ancient times. The Caspian tiger, for starters, was a now-extinct tiger population.

Caspian tigers may be seen in the Asian section of Georgia until 1922, just a few kilometers from what is usually considered Europe.

Furthermore, for thousands of years, Europeans have traded with Asian regions such as India. For example, the Romans frequently went to India via the Red Sea, bringing tigers back to the Empire for use in gladiator games.

Numerous mosaics portray exotic creatures from Africa and Asia, including tigers, which may be found in Villa Romana del Casale, an old Roman villa in Sicily. In its most famous mosaic, titled “The Great Hunt,” a captured tigress is depicted.

Ancient Europeans were well aware of tigers, and many of them would have seen them in the wild.

The Siberian tigers and the Caspian, or Iranian, tigers are genetically related.



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